NOVON 9(1): 8-10. 1999.

A New Species of Hemilophia (Brassicaceae) from China

Ihsan Al-Shehbaz

Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166-0299, U.S.A.

Katsutoshi Arai

Karuizawa Botanical Garden, Hocchi 1166, Karuizawa-machi, Kitasaku-gun, Nagano Pref., Japan

Hideaki Ohba

Department of Botany, University Museum, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo, 113 Japan

Abstract. Hemilophia sessilifolia is described and illustrated. Its relationship to the other species of Hemilophia is discussed.

The genus Hemilophia Franchet consists of three species, H. pulchella Franchet, H. rockii O. E. Schulz, and the new species H. sessilifolia Al-Shehbaz, Arai & H. Ohba, all endemic to southwestern Sichuan and adjacent Yunnan, China.

Hemilophia is readily distinguished from the related Chinese Dipoma Franchet by the appendaged and strongly inflated bases of the median staminal filaments, slender replum, entire leaves, and straight fruiting pedicels, and by lacking the fruit septum. Dipoma has slender filaments, strongly flattened replum, apically dentate leaves, strongly curved and loop-forming fruiting pedicels, and complete septum. Hemilophia is separated from the Himalayan and central Asian Dilophia Thomson by having slender rhizomes, appendaged and strongly inflated bases of the median staminal filaments, slender replum, and large (2--3 mm) seeds, 1 or 2 per fruit. Dilophia is a non-rhizomatous perennial with slender filaments, broadly winged replum, and small (ca. 1 mm) seeds, several per fruit.

The new species, Hemilophia sessilifolia, which is known only from the type collection, was collected during a recent Sino-Japanese expedition to Dauxue Shan, Yunnan.

Hemilophia sessilifolia Al-Shehbaz, Arai & H. Ohba, sp. nov. TYPE: China. Yunnan: Deqe, around Dauxue Shan, 2834N, 9948E, 4300--4550 m, 28 Aug. 1996, Wu Sugong, Hiroshi Ikeda, Michio Wakabayashi, Futoshi Miyamoto, Yang Yongping & Takao Kikuchi 953 (holotype, TI; isotypes, KUN, MO). Figure 1.

Species ab H. pulchella Franchet et H. rockii O. E. Schulz foliis caulinis sessilibus, sepalis membranaceis integris facile cadentibus, petalis persistentibus, stylo glabro, et trichomatibus simplicibus obtecta bene differt.

Herbs perennial, rhizomatous. Rhizomes slender, not scaly. Stems 1 to several from basal rosette or solitary from rhizomes, 3--9 cm tall, simple or few-branched, with spreading to appressed simple trichomes 0.06--0.25 mm long. Basal leaves oblanceolate, 6--10 1.5--2.5 mm, dry at anthesis, densely beset with straight simple trichomes 0.8--1.3 mm long. Cauline leaves oblong to oblong-oblanceolate, 2.5--5(--8) 1--2(--2.5) mm, sessile, entire, obtuse at apex, glabrous or minutely hairy as on stem. Inflorescences corymbose racemes, not elongated in fruit, bracteate throughout; bracts similar to cauline leaves. Sepals obovate, membranous, early caducous and leaving 4 receptacular teeth, not saccate, 1.8--2.7 1.2--1.5 mm, entire, rounded at apex. Petals persistent to fruit maturity, broadly obovate, 2-lobed, abruptly narrowed to claw, 6--7 4--5.5 mm, creamy white with dark green veins, pale to light brown at mouth, apical notch to 2 mm deep; claws 1.5--2.5 mm long. Filaments white; lateral filaments slender, unappendaged, 1.8--2.2 mm long; median filaments 1.9--2.5 mm long, basal half strongly inflated to form an oblong appendage 1.1--1.3 mm long; anthers green. Nectar glands surrounding base of lateral stamens, subtending base of median filaments. Fruiting pedicels slender, straight, divaricate, 5--6 mm long, pilose. Fruit oblong, dehiscent, glabrous; valves thin papery, navicular, 3--4 1.5--2 mm, with 3 rows of crests, 1 row on midvein and on either margin; replum slender, not flattened; septum absent; gynophore obsolete to 0.1 mm long; style glabrous, conical, 1--1.5 mm long; stigma entire. Seeds 1 or 2 per fruit, oblong, 2.5--3 1.1--1.3 mm, smooth; cotyledons obliquely accumbent.

Hemilophia sessilifolia is readily distinguished from the two other species of the genus, H. pulchella and H. rockii, by the sessile cauline leaves, membranous, readily caducous entire sepals, persistent petals, glabrous conical style, and exclusively simple trichomes. Both H. pulchella and H. rockii have petiolate cauline leaves, green sepals that remain until fruit develops, caducous petals, a minutely papillose cylindric style, and 2-forked trichomes on the stem. Hemilophia pulchella is separated from H. rockii by having purplish petals 3--4 mm long instead of white petals 5--7 mm long, stem trichomes with long and straight instead of short and crisped rays, and an entire instead of ciliate sepal margin.

Acknowledgment. We thank Neil Harriman for his review of the manuscript.