24. Miscellaneous Abbreviations and Symbols:

The following table gives the abbreviations and symbols that are to be used in the manuscripts.

and symbols Unabbreviated form

* endemic

@ chromosome number from Chinese material

plus or minus, more or less

?? missing data to be added before publication

[] indicates distribution or morphological condition outside of China

m micrometer(s)

X times

C Central

ca. circa, about, approximately


cm centimeter(s)

cv. cultivar

d.b.h. diameter at breast height

diam. diameter

E East

EC East Central

ed. edition

e.g. for example

et al. and others

fig. figure

fl. flowering

fr. fruiting

i.e. that is

km kilometer(s)

m meter(s)

mm millimeter(s)

N North

NC North Central

NE Northeast

nom. cons. nomen conservandum

nom. nov. nomen novum

nom. nud. nomen nudum

n.s. new series

NW Northwest

p. page

pl. plate

pp. pages

p.p. pro parte

S South

SC South Central

SE Southeast

sect. section

ser. series

s.l. sensu lato

s.s. sensu stricto

sp., spp. species

subfam. subfamily

subgen. subgenus

subsp., subspp. subspecies

SW Southwest

t. table

var. variety

vol. volume

W West

WC West Central